Ischia, well-known for its clay deposits, has a long established handicraft tradition for ceramic production, documented over the centuries and still alive in modern times. Yet, we do not know much about the handicraft districts producing, in different periods, the ceramics found.
The archaeological area lying beneath the Church of Saint Restituta of Lacco Ameno, brought to light by Don Pietro Monti in the Fifties, and still little known, includes ceramic kilns dated to different periods and with an important productive phase in the Hellenistic Age.
Since the Nineties, the ceramic district has been the object of a series of archaeological and archaeometrical researches aimed at the relief survey of the structures, the documentation and study of the finds, as well as at laboratory analyses (XRF and mineralogical analyses- Thyssen Stiftung in collaboration with the Archaeological Superintendence of Naples. These latter have as their objective both the dating (are focusing on the chronology) of the kilns found (by the thermoluminescence method), the characterization of the ceramics of local production and the identification of the imported materials (chemical and mineralogical analyses).
The study of the handicraft area (production area) is turning out to be extremely interesting to shed light on very important issues, namely the production and circulation of Graeco-Italic amphorae, black-gloss and cooking wares in the Gulf of Naples, and in the western Mediterranean area.
OLCESE G. (2010). Artigianato ed economia a Ischia e nel Golfo di Napoli. Le anfore greco italiche: archeologia e archeometria, Roma 2010, ISBN 978-88-7140-450-9
G. Olcese, M. Picon, G. Thierrin Michael, Il quartiere ceramico sotto la chiesa di Santa Restituta a Lacco Ameno d'Ischia e la produzione di anfore e di ceramica in età ellenistica, in Bollettino di Archeologia, 39-40, 1996, pp. 7-29.
G. Olcese, La produzione di anfore e ceramica a vernice nera a Ischia in età ellenistica: il quartiere artigianale sotto la chiesa di Santa Restituta a Lacco Ameno, in Proceedings of the XVth International Congress of Classical Archaeology, Amsterdam July 12-17, 1998, pp. 290-293, editors Roald F. Docter, Eric M. Moormann (Allard Pierson Series, Amsterdam 1999).
W. D. Heilmeyer, die Heilige Restituta und ihr Museum, Berliner museologische Forschung auf Ischia, Museumsjournal, Berichte aus den Museen, Schloessern und Sammlungen in Berlin und Potsdam, 2001, Nr.1, 15 Jahrgang, 2001, S. 91-93
G. Olcese, Anfore greco italiche antiche: alcune osservazioni sull’origine e sulla circolazione alla luce di recenti analisi archeometriche, in Archaeological Methods and Approaches: Industry and Commerci in Ancient Italy, Ed by E. De Sena, H. Dessales, BAR international Series 1262, 2004, pp.173 -191